Education Status of Districts: An Exploration of Inter-Temporal Changes

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This research appraises inter-temporal educational status for the period 1998- 2005. Access and inequality is measured through the District Education Index (DEI). DEI is a composite index and includes enrollments at various levels as well as literacy rates. Two data sources are used for this exercise: the Population Census 1998 and Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement Survey (PSLM 2005). The PSLM provides district level welfare indicators with a sample size of about 76,500 households The PSLM data is statistically comparable with the Census data, with some margin of sampling error. The comparative results indicate good progress in the enrollment and literacy rates during the period 1998-2005. Overall, about 5 percent annual growth is observed during this period in the composite index of district educational status.